1. Biodegradable plastics: Biodegradable plastics are made from natural materials like cornstarch, potato starch, and sugarcane that can decompose into biodegradable compounds that are non-toxic to the environment.
2. Plant-based alternatives to petroleum-based plastics: Plant-based alternatives to petroleum-based plastics like polylactic acid (PLA) are made from renewable resources like corn, sugarcane, and cassava.
3. Bio-based coatings: Bio-based coatings made from renewable resources like soybeans, vegetable oils, and cellulose can be applied to paper and cardboard to create sustainable packaging materials.
4. Mushroom-based packaging: Mushroom-based packaging is made from the roots of mushrooms and can be used to create biodegradable packaging materials.
5. Recyclable plastics: Recyclable plastics like polyethylene terephthalate (PET) can be recycled multiple times, reducing waste and promoting the circular economy.
6. Compostable packaging: Compostable packaging is made from biodegradable materials that can be composted along with food waste, reducing the amount of waste that ends up in landfills.
7. Paper-based alternatives to plastic: Paper-based alternatives to plastic are made from renewable materials like bamboo, hemp, and recycled paper that can be used to create sustainable packaging materials.
8. Plant-based foam: Plant-based foam made from materials like cornstarch and soybean oil can be used in packaging materials as a sustainable alternative to traditional foam materials.
9. Ocean waste plastics: Ocean waste plastics are plastics that have been reclaimed from the ocean and recycled into new packaging materials.
10. Upcycling waste materials: Upcycling waste materials like coffee grounds, banana peels, and old newspapers can be used to create sustainable packaging materials.